Skip to main content

Full text of "A history of Persia"

See other formats

4i4                  HISTORY OF PERSIA                  CHAP.
She ceded Georgia, Derbent, Baku, Shirwan, Shaki,
Genja, Karabagh and part of Talish. She also agreed
indirectly to maintain no navy on the Caspian Sea.1
Russia, in return, apparently bound herself to support
Abbas Mirza in securing the succession. Thus for his
personal advantage the heir-apparent conceded to Russia
the whole of the territories in dispute. That power,
owing to the invasion of Napoleon, was in no condition
to continue the campaign, and probably would have
accepted less—for the time being. Persia, on her side,
hoped by means of British officers to strengthen her
position and then to try the fortune of war again. In
other words, the peace was a temporary and not a final
Risings in Persia.—Path Ali Shah, partly at any rate
owing to the defeats he had suffered at the hands of
Russia, was faced with risings in various parts of the
empire as well as with raids from outside. The chiefs of
Khorasan, who had always resented the supremacy of the
Kajars, rose against his son Mohamed Vali Mirza, They
obtained possession of Meshed, but then began to quarrel
and dispersed. As a sequel to this rebellion Ishak Khan,
the powerful Karai chief, was strangled by the Governor-
General. In the meanwhile the Amir of Bokhara invaded
Khorasan at the invitation of the rebels, but, finding that
the authority of the Shah had been re-established, made
excuses and retired. The Khan of Khiva also appeared
on the scene, but his envoy was humiliated by being
forced to play on a musical instrument before the Persian
generals. After this deadly insult his army was defeated.
The Turkoman also revolted twice. On the second
occasion their leader was a Kajar noble, but they were
driven off and he was captured.
The Embassy of General Termeloff, 1817.—After the
conclusion of the peace it was vainly hoped that through
English intercession part of the lost territories would
be restored. The Tsar sent General Yermeloff with a
splendid embassy to Teheran, but instead of yielding
1 When this stipulation was discussed at Teheran, Haji Mirza Aghasi, afterwards
the Vizier of Mohamed Shah, summed up the situation by exclaiming, ** What do we
want with salt water I" The agreement; is given in Appendix v. of Aitchison's Treaties.